I take refuge in the Buddha, I take refuge in the Dharma, I take refuge in the Sangha.
What does it mean to be called a “Buddhist”? What exactly do you have to do to “become” a Buddhist? And what is the Triple Gem Refuge ceremony?
Both questions have an easy answer, and a more complex one, which I will cover in this article. If you are interested in taking the next step and becoming an “official” Buddhist, you will learn how to start your journey today!
Table of Contents
The Buddhist Membership Card
We do not have actual “membership cards” in Buddhism (darn!). However, being a Buddhist does allow you the opportunity to get access to some exclusive [Dharma] doors! (that is a bit of Buddhist humor which you will understand after you become a member)
Speaking of membership cards, I always think of the song “Signs” by the Five Man Electric Band (watch the video above). At about 2:10 minutes into the song (video below) they sing “the sign says you gotta have a membership card to get inside“. While that is true for most ‘clubs’, Buddhism does not actually require you to “be” a Buddhist to get inside!
But more on that later…
Taking Refuge: Becoming an Official Buddhist
When we talk about “becoming” an official Buddhist, we are specifically talking about taking “refuge” in the Triple Gem.
The Triple Gem consists of the most important parts for any follower of Buddhism to always abide in. That consists of the Buddha (the teacher), the Dharma (teachings of the Buddha), and the Sangha (the monastic community).
But why “Triple Gem”? This is a bit of Buddhist symbolism and teachings of the Buddha.
- “Gem” refers to something precious, which is a great analogy for the Buddha, Dharma, and the Sangha. These three things make up the core of our Buddhist faith, so they are precious to any Buddhist.
- The Buddha, on his deathbed, told his followers to be a refuge to themselves and not anyone else. We follow that today with the Triple Gem. When we take refuge in these three things, we are not going against the Buddha’s last words, but recognizing that we have the Buddha’s wisdom within us as well (Buddha-nature) to realize Nirvana. However, we are often clouded to this fact and need external forces (the Triple Gem) to help guide us towards realizing our true nature (Nirvana/Buddha-nature). The Buddha is our teacher, the Dharma is his teachings which becomes our ‘life raft’ that gives us all we need to get to the ‘other shore’ (essentially saving us from the endless cycle of rebirth by helping us realizing our true nature), and the Sangha is the community of monastics that continue to provide us direction and teachings to help us grow, and in turn, we support the monastics so they can continue in their practice.
Wow, that’s a lot…I know.
The most important thing to know about taking refuge in the Triple Gem is that it means you want to become a Buddhist because you want to realize Nirvana. Why do you want to realize Nirvana? Because you are tired of being a prisoner in this self-created prison that causes nothing but suffering.
Taking refuge is a starting point – a commitment. You want to walk the Noble Eightfold Path which leads you to Nirvana. By officially taking refuge, you are not making a commitment to a god or deity, but to yourself.
Just “being into” Buddhism is not enough, you must show faith, dedication, and commitment by taking refuge. If you don’t make a commitment (taking refuge), you are passive in any sort of practice of Buddhism, which also means you have nothing to hold yourself to (which ultimately leads to a passive practice that yields no results).
If you are ready for that commitment, the Triple Gem refuge is your starting point on the path and often a Buddhist temple will help you prepare for it. You should not “just take” refuge, but understand what it means by attending Buddhist classes, talking with monastics, and wanting to be a Buddhist.
An example of what you may recite at such a ceremony is as follows:
I take refuge in the Buddha, wishing that all sentient beings understand the Dharma and make the supreme vow.
I take refuge in the Dharma, wishing that all sentient beings study the sutras diligently and obtain an ocean of wisdom.
I take refuge in the Sangha, wishing that all sentient beings lead the masses in harmony without obstruction.
The ceremony can vary depending on your school of Buddhism, and the temple and monastic performing it. For exceptionally large Buddhist temples and organizations like the one I took refuge under (Fo Guang Shan at Hsi Lai Temple), there is a well-established process and structure that is followed worldwide. We can wear robes (as shown in the picture below), and even receive a certificate showing we have taken refuge in the Triple Gem.
For the Fo Guang Shan Triple Gem Refuge ceremony, we recite the following:
I, disciple (your name), for the rest of my life, take refuge in the Buddha, the incomparably honored one. I, (your name) for the rest of my life, take refuge in the Dharma, honored for being away from defilements. I, (your name) for the rest of my life, take refuge in the Sangha, most honored among sentient beings.
(Repeat three times.)
I have taken refuge in the Buddha. I have taken refuge in the Dharma. I have taken refuge in the Sangha.
(Repeat three times.)
Virtual Triple Gem Refuge with Venerable Sanathavihari Bhikkhu
If you do not have a temple nearby and would like to take refuge, you can do so with Buddhist monk Los Angeles Sanathavihari in the video below. Video provided courtesy of Los Angeles Sanathavihari.
If you would like to take the Triple Gem with Venerable Sanathavihari, you can use this transcript for the recitation:
Namo tassa bhagavato arahato sammāsambuddhassa (x3)
Homage to the Buddha the spiritually perfect one the harmonious awake one
Buddham saranam gacchami.
(I take refuge in the Buddha.)
Dhammam saranam gacchami.
(I take refuge in the Dharma.)
Sangham saranam gacchami.
(I take refuge in the Sangha.)
Dutiyampi Buddham saranam gacchami.
(Second, I take refuge in the Buddha.)
Dutiyampi Dhammam saranam gacchami.
(Secondly, I take refuge in the Dharma.)
Dutiyampi Sangham saranam gacchami.
(Secondly, I take refuge in the Sangha.)
Tatiyampi Buddham saranam gacchami.
(Third, I take refuge in the Buddha.)
Tatiyampi Dhammam saranam gacchami.
(Third, I take refuge in the Dharma.)
Tatiyampi Sangham saranam gacchami.
(Third, I take refuge in the Sangha)
What Is a Buddhist?
So, all this talk about becoming an “official Buddhist” sounds great, right? Here is the kicker: “Buddhist” is just a label, and the Buddha never used it.
That is not to say the word and meaning of “Buddhist” is pointless. Calling ourselves “Buddhist” when we take refuge is something that helps us along the path towards Nirvana.
As humans, we like to identify with things and religion is one of them. As Buddhists, the term identifies us as followers and practitioners of the Buddha and his teachings. To non-Buddhists, it identifies us as following that particular religion.
Regardless, the one thing I have always loved is that everyone is a Buddhist (in the big picture of things). What this means is that if we trace back to the Buddha’s first words after his enlightenment (“Marvelous, marvelous! All sentient beings have the Tathagata’s wisdom and virtue, but they fail to realize it because they cling to deluded thoughts and attachments”), we realize that everyone is actually capable of being just like the Buddha (which we call Buddha-nature). This means that anyone can be enlightened and realize Nirvana regardless of calling themselves a “Buddhist”.
For example, the Buddha was not a Buddhist! Yet that is an extreme example as each age has its own Buddha, and we are in the age of Shakyamuni Buddha’s teachings. Each “Buddha” has gone through countless Kalpas of work as a Bodhisattva to reach that level. They may have never called themselves “Buddhist” as we do in this era, but they were still following the path.
It is a wonderful thing to know of a Buddha’s teachings because without it we are like a ship lost in the middle of a dark ocean without seeing a lighthouse. In our 21st century world, we have endless resources, teachers, and information about the teachings of Shakyamuni Buddha which we refer to as “Buddhism”.
To take refuge in the Triple Gem, we are offered a wonderful opportunity that rarely happens: the ability to have the teachings of a Buddha so readily accessible to us, and a community of practitioners (monastics) to help us (so we can eventually become a monastic in a future rebirth) and for us to help them (since it is a rare opportunity, and they have the fortunate conditions to become a monastic).
We may never have such an “easy” opportunity to follow the Buddha’s teachings in the future, so let’s seize the opportunity! Taking the Triple Gem Refuge is a simple (but significant) thing we can do in our desire to end our imprisonment in samsara (the cycle of birth and death)!
- Featured Image: CC0 photo by truthseeker08 on Pixabay
- Recommended Articles by Alan: Buddhism a Quick Intro, and Top 5 Books for Buddhist Newbies.
- Recommended Books: The Heart of the Buddha’s Teaching and What the Buddha Taught
- Further Reading: The Triple Gem by Ven. Master Hsing Yun, and The Triple Gem (Booklet)
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